Tatebayasi is a hometown of a Japanese novelist Katai Tayama (1872-1930) who wrote many autobiographical novels, typified Japanese naturalistic novel as “Futon” (The quilt) and “Inaka Kyoshi” (Country Teacher). “Futon” was wrote about his confession between his female pupil Michiyo Okada, which is said to be the sensational novel dealed with the first autobiographical story in Japan. I like his “Inaka Kyoshi” that was about the young boy’s ambition and failure. At Katai’s memorial hall in the ex Tatebayashi castle, you can watch Katai’s photos, his den and so on. I was very glad to find the photo of the novel’s model who was hero, Shuzo Kobayashi in “Inaka Kyoshi” (his name was changed Seizo Hayashi in the novel). Katai wrote it based Shuzo’s diary. When I read “Inaka Kyoshi”, I deeply felt sorry and sympathy for his destiny that he died after trying to fight against poverty and dreaming to success life.
In the ex Tatebayashi castle, there are a city hall, Chiaki Mukai Memorical Science and Technology Museum for Children, Katai Tayama’s memorial hall and his parent’s house. Next to Katai’s parent’s house, Jyomo Muslin Company’s Office was rebuilt. This area was famous for textile manufacture, and this company was started as modern factory of basic company in this town. This office was a symmetry Western style building. I think it is one of the symbols for modernization and Westernization in Meiji period at Tatebayashi town.