Nanzenji temple is the big Rinzai zen Buddhist sect in Kyoto, Japan. There are 5 ranked zen temples (gozan) in Kyoto. 1st: Tenryuji, 2nd: Syokokuji, 3rd:Kenninji, 4th: Tofukuji, 5th: Manjyuji. Nanzenji is upper of them. Nanzenji was originally built of the imperial villa “Zenrinjiden” by Emperor Gosaga in 1264. Priest Emperor Kameyama changed the temple in 1291. At first, many hobgoblins lived, so the Emperor and priest were annoyed by them. When the great monk Mukanfumon lived there, Hobgoblins escaped and never appeared. Nanzenji’s Sanmon gate (in 1628) was very famous, because the robber and outlaw Goemon Ishikawa shouted “What a spectacular view from here!” (Zekkeikana! Zekkeikana!) at the kabuki act of Sanmon Gosan no Kiri. When I visited at Nanzenji in spring, they allowed to go up the second floor of this gate. Like Goemon, I enjoyed the wonderful ssenery of Kyoto. (I didn’t shout like Goemon.)
Sosui waterway was constructed between Lake Biwa and Kyoto for the hydroelectricity in 1890. This waterway was passing through Nanzenji. It is fun to see the historical old temple and modern innovation’s building.